Pond Technologies

NIO Reports Unaudited Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Financial Results

05 March 2024
  • Quarterly Total Revenues reached RMB17,103.2 million (US$2,408.9 million)i
  • Quarterly Vehicle Deliveries were 50,045 units
  • Full Year Total Revenues reached RMB55,617.9 million (US$7,833.6 million)
  • Full Year Vehicle Deliveries were 160,038 units

SHANGHAI, China, March 05, 2024 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- NIO Inc. (NYSE: NIO; HKEX: 9866; SGX: NIO) (“NIO” or the “Company”), a pioneer and a leading company in the premium smart electric vehicle market, today announced its unaudited financial results for the fourth quarter and full year ended December 31, 2023.

Operating Highlights for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year of 2023

  • Vehicle deliveries were 50,045 in the fourth quarter of 2023, consisting of 33,679 premium smart electric SUVs and 16,366 premium smart electric sedans, representing an increase of 25.0% from the fourth quarter of 2022, and a decrease of 9.7% from the third quarter of 2023.

  • Vehicle deliveries were 160,038 in 2023, representing an increase of 30.7% from 2022.

Key Operating Results
 2023 Q42023 Q32023 Q22023 Q1
Deliveries50,04555,43223,52031,041
     
 2022 Q42022 Q32022 Q22022 Q1
Deliveries40,05231,60725,05925,768
     

Financial Highlights for the Fourth Quarter of 2023

  • Vehicle sales were RMB15,438.7 million (US$2,174.5 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing an increase of 4.6% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and a decrease of 11.3% from the third quarter of 2023.
  • Vehicle marginii was 11.9% in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared with 6.8% in fourth quarter of 2022 and 11.0% in the third quarter of 2023.
  • Total revenues were RMB17,103.2 million (US$2,408.9 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing an increase of 6.5% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and a decrease of 10.3% from the third quarter of 2023.
  • Gross profit was RMB1,279.2 million (US$180.2 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing an increase of 105.7% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and a decrease of 16.0% from the third quarter of 2023.
  • Gross margin was 7.5% in the fourth quarter of 2023, compared with 3.9% in the fourth quarter of 2022 and 8.0% in the third quarter of 2023.
  • Loss from operations was RMB6,625.3 million (US$933.2 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing a decrease of 1.6% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 36.8% from the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted loss from operations (non-GAAP) was RMB6,059.3 million (US$853.4 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing an increase of 0.7% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 42.9% from the third quarter of 2023.
  • Net loss was RMB5,367.7 million (US$756.0 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing a decrease of 7.2% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 17.8% from the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was RMB4,801.7 million (US$676.3 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing a decrease of 5.2% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 21.5% from the third quarter of 2023.
  • Cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, short-term investment and long-term time deposits were RMB57.3 billion (US$8.1 billion) as of December 31, 2023.
Key Financial Results for the Fourth Quarter of 2023
(in RMB million, except for percentage)
 2023 Q42023 Q3 2022 Q4 % Changeiii
      QoQYoY
Vehicle Sales15,438.717,408.9 14,759.0 -11.3%4.6%
Vehicle Margin11.9%11.0% 6.8% 90bp510bp
        
Total Revenues17,103.219,066.6 16,063.5 -10.3%6.5%
Gross Profit1,279.21,523.3 621.8 -16.0%105.7%
Gross Margin7.5%8.0% 3.9% -50bp360bp
        
Loss from Operations(6,625.3)(4,843.9) (6,736.1) 36.8%-1.6%
Adjusted Loss from Operations (non-GAAP)(6,059.3)(4,240.4) (6,015.7) 42.9%0.7%
        
Net Loss(5,367.7)(4,556.7) (5,786.1) 17.8%-7.2%
Adjusted Net Loss (non-GAAP)(4,801.7)(3,953.2) (5,065.6) 21.5%-5.2%
        

Financial Highlights for the Full Year of 2023

  • Vehicle sales were RMB49,257.3 million (US$6,937.7 million) for the full year of 2023, representing an increase of 8.2% from the previous year.
  • Vehicle margin was 9.5% for the full year of 2023, compared with 13.7% for the previous year.
  • Total revenues were RMB55,617.9 million (US$7,833.6 million) for the full year of 2023, representing an increase of 12.9% from the previous year.
  • Gross profit was RMB3,051.8 million (US$429.8 million) for the full year of 2023, representing a decrease of 40.7% from the previous year.
  • Gross margin was 5.5% for the full year of 2023, compared with 10.4% for the previous year.
  • Loss from operations was RMB22,655.2 million (US$3,190.9 million) for the full year of 2023, representing an increase of 44.8% from the previous year. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted loss from operations (non-GAAP) was RMB20,286.1 million (US$2,857.2 million) in 2023, representing an increase of 52.0% from the previous year.
  • Net loss was RMB20,719.8 million (US$2,918.3 million) for the full year of 2023, representing an increase of 43.5% from the previous year. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was RMB18,350.7 million (US$2,584.6 million) for the full year of 2023, representing an increase of 51.1% from the previous year.  
Key Financial Results for Full Year 2023
(in RMB million, except for percentage)
  2023 2022 % Changeiii
       
Vehicle Sales 49,257.3 45,506.6 8.2%
Vehicle Margin 9.5% 13.7% -420bp
       
Total Revenues 55,617.9 49,268.6 12.9%
Gross Profit 3,051.8 5,144.0 -40.7%
Gross Margin 5.5% 10.4% -490bp
       
Loss from Operations (22,655.2) (15,640.7) 44.8%
Adjusted Loss from Operations (non-GAAP) (20,286.1) (13,344.8) 52.0%
       
Net Loss (20,719.8) (14,437.1) 43.5%
Adjusted Net Loss (non-GAAP) (18,350.7) (12,141.2) 51.1%
       

Recent Developments
Deliveries in January and February 2024

  • NIO delivered 10,055 vehicles in January 2024 and 8,132 vehicles in February 2024. As of February 29, 2024, cumulative deliveries of NIO vehicles reached 467,781.

NIO Day and Launch of ET9

  • On December 23, 2023, NIO held NIO Day 2023 in Xi’an, China and launched the ET9, a smart electric executive flagship. The ET9 is an epitome of NIO’s innovative technologies, setting a new technological benchmark for smart electric vehicles executive flagship.

Listed in MIIT’s Catalog of Vehicle Manufacturers

  • NIO has completed the filing process for its electric passenger vehicle investment project with the relevant authorities in Anhui Province, and has been included in the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology's catalogue of approved manufacturers.

Strategic Equity Investment from CYVN

  • On December 27, 2023, NIO closed the US$2.2 billion strategic equity investment from CYVN Investments RSC Ltd (“CYVN”), an investment vehicle based in Abu Dhabi. Together with the previously completed transactions in July 2023, CYVN in aggregate beneficially owns approximately 20.1% of the Company’s total issued and outstanding shares.

Completion of the Repurchase Right Offer for Convertible Senior Notes due 2026

  • On February 1, 2024, NIO completed the repurchase right offer relating to its 0.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2026 (the “Notes”). US$300,536,000.00 aggregate principal amount of the Notes were validly surrendered and not withdrawn prior to the expiration of the repurchase right offer. Following settlement of the repurchase, US$912,000.00 aggregate principal amount of the Notes remain outstanding and continue to be subject to the existing terms of the Indenture and the Notes.

Board Change

  • On February 7, 2024, NIO appointed Mr. Eddy Georges Skaf and Mr. Nicholas Paul Collins as new directors of the Company’s board of directors. In addition, on the same day, Mr. James Gordon Mitchell resigned as a director of the Company.

Technology License Transaction

  • On February 26, 2024, NIO Technology (Anhui) Co., Ltd. (“NIO Technology”), a subsidiary of NIO Inc., entered into a technology license agreement (the “Technology License Agreement”) with Forseven Limited (“Forseven”), a subsidiary of CYVN Holdings L.L.C. Pursuant to the Technology License Agreement, NIO Technology will grant a non-exclusive and non-transferrable worldwide license to Forseven to use certain of NIO Technology’s existing and future technical information, technical solutions, software and intellectual property rights related to or subsisting in the smart electric vehicle platforms of NIO Technology.

CEO and CFO Comments

“In 2023, NIO set a new delivery record of 160,038 vehicles, ranking first in China’s premium BEV market with an average transaction price over RMB 300,000,” said William Bin Li, founder, chairman and chief executive officer of NIO, “At NIO Day 2023, we unveiled ET9, our smart electric executive flagship, showcasing a suite of our latest technologies, including our self-developed AD chip, full-domain 900V architecture, advanced intelligent chassis system and various other industry-leading innovations.”

“We will soon start deliveries of 2024 NIO products equipped with the highest computing power among production vehicles and constantly enhance users' driving and digital experience. Meanwhile, we plan to release Navigate on Pilot Plus (NOP+) for urban roads to all NT2.0 users in the second quarter. Our continuous investments in technologies, battery swapping network and user community will bolster our competitive advantages as we navigate the future competition,” added William Bin Li.

“Our vehicle margin continued to grow, reaching 11.9% in the fourth quarter of 2023,” added Steven Wei Feng, NIO's chief financial officer, “In December 2023, we closed the US$2.2 billion strategic equity investment from CYVN, demonstrating our unique positioning and competitiveness in the global smart EV industry. Moving forward into 2024, we will prioritize our business objectives, improve system capabilities and optimize cost management efficiency.”

Financial Results for the Fourth Quarter and Full Year of 2023
Revenues

  • Total revenues in the fourth quarter of 2023 were RMB17,103.2 million (US$2,408.9 million), representing an increase of 6.5% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and a decrease of 10.3% from the third quarter of 2023.

  • Total revenues for the full year of 2023 were RMB55,617.9 million (US$7,833.6 million), representing an increase of 12.9% from the previous year.

  • Vehicle sales in the fourth quarter of 2023 were RMB15,438.7 million (US$2,174.5 million), representing an increase of 4.6% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and a decrease of 11.3% from the third quarter of 2023. The increase in vehicle sales over the fourth quarter of 2022 was mainly due to the increase in delivery volume, partially offset by the lower average selling price as a result of changes in product mix. The decrease in vehicle sales over the third quarter of 2023 was mainly attributed to a decrease in delivery volume.

  • Vehicle sales for the full year of 2023 were RMB49,257.3 million (US$6,937.7 million), representing an increase of 8.2% from the previous year.

  • Other sales in the fourth quarter of 2023 were RMB1,664.5 million (US$234.4 million), representing an increase of 27.6% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 0.4% from the third quarter of 2023. The increase in other sales over the fourth quarter of 2022 was mainly due to the increase in sales of accessories and provision of power solutions, as a result of continued growth in the number of our users. Other sales remained relatively stable compared with the third quarter of 2023.

  • Other sales for the full year of 2023 were RMB6,360.7 million (US$895.9 million), representing an increase of 69.1% from the previous year.

Cost of Sales and Gross Margin

  • Cost of sales in the fourth quarter of 2023 was RMB15,823.9 million (US$2,228.8 million), representing an increase of 2.5% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and a decrease of 9.8% from the third quarter of 2023. Cost of sales remained relatively stable compared with the fourth quarter of 2022. The decrease in cost of sales over the third quarter of 2023 was mainly attributable to a decrease in delivery volume.

  • Cost of sales for the full year of 2023 was RMB52,566.1 million (US$7,403.8 million), representing an increase of 19.1% from the previous year.

  • Gross profit in the fourth quarter of 2023 was RMB1,279.2 million (US$180.2 million), representing an increase of 105.7% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and a decrease of 16.0% from the third quarter of 2023.

  • Gross Profit for the full year of 2023 was RMB3,051.8 million (US$429.8 million), representing a decrease of 40.7% from the previous year.

  • Gross margin in the fourth quarter of 2023 was 7.5%, compared with 3.9% in the fourth quarter of 2022 and 8.0% in the third quarter of 2023. The increase of gross margin over the fourth quarter of 2022 was mainly attributed to the increased vehicle margin. The decrease of gross margin over the third quarter of 2023 was mainly attributed to the decrease in margin from provision of power solutions as a result of expanded power network, and partially offset by the higher vehicle margin.

  • Gross margin for the full year of 2023 was 5.5%, compared with 10.4% for the full year of 2022.

  • Vehicle margin in the fourth quarter of 2023 was 11.9%, compared with 6.8% in the fourth quarter of 2022 and 11.0% in the third quarter of 2023. The increase in vehicle margin from the fourth quarter of 2022 was mainly attributable to (i) the decreased material cost per unit, and (ii) the inventory provisions, accelerated depreciation on production facilities, and losses on purchase commitments for the previous generation of ES8, ES6 and EC6 recorded in the fourth quarter of 2022. The increase in vehicle margin from the third quarter of 2023 was mainly due to the decreased material cost per unit.

  • Vehicle margin for the full year of 2023 was 9.5%, compared with 13.7% for the full year of 2022.

Operating Expenses

  • Research and development expenses in the fourth quarter of 2023 were RMB3,972.1 million (US$559.5 million), representing a decrease of 0.2% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 30.7% from the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, research and development expenses (non-GAAP) were RMB3,616.4 million (US$509.4 million), representing an increase of 1.8% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 36.8% from the third quarter of 2023. Research and development expenses remained relatively stable compared with the fourth quarter of 2022. The increase in research and development expenses over the third quarter of 2023 was mainly due to the incremental design and development costs for new products and technologies as well as the increased personnel costs in research and development functions.

  • Research and development expenses for the full year of 2023 were RMB13,431.4 million (US$1,891.8 million), representing an increase of 23.9% from the previous year. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, research and development expenses (non-GAAP) were RMB11,914.2 million (US$1,678.1 million), representing an increase of 25.2% from the previous year.

  • Selling, general and administrative expenses in the fourth quarter of 2023 were RMB3,972.7 million (US$559.5 million), representing an increase of 12.6% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 10.1% from the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, selling, general and administrative expenses (non-GAAP) were RMB3,781.5 million (US$532.6 million), representing an increase of 16.1% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 10.4% from the third quarter of 2023. The increase in selling, general and administrative expenses over the fourth quarter of 2022 and the third quarter of 2023 was mainly attributable to (i) the increase in personnel costs related to sales functions, and (ii) the increase in sales and marketing activities.  

  • Selling, general and administrative expenses for the full year of 2023 were RMB12,884.6 million (US$1,814.8 million), representing an increase of 22.3% from the previous year. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, selling, general and administrative expenses (non-GAAP) were RMB12,116.7 million (US$1,706.6 million), representing an increase of 25.8% from last year.

Loss from Operations

  • Loss from operations in the fourth quarter of 2023 was RMB6,625.3 million (US$933.2 million), representing a decrease of 1.6% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 36.8% from the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted loss from operations (non-GAAP) was RMB6,059.3 million (US$853.4 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing an increase of 0.7% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 42.9% from third quarter of 2023.

  • Loss from operations for the full year of 2023 was RMB22,655.2 million (US$3,190.9 million), representing an increase of 44.8% from last year. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted loss from operations (non-GAAP) was RMB20,286.1 million (US$2,857.2 million) in 2023, representing an increase of 52.0% from last year.

Net Loss and Earnings Per Share/ADS

  • Interest and investment income in the fourth quarter of 2023 was RMB1,368.1 million (US$192.7 million), representing an increase of 288.7% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 375.0% from the third quarter of 2023. The increase was primarily attributed to the recycling of unrealized gain from other comprehensive income to investment income of RMB977.3 million for the available-for-sale debt investment.
  • Net loss in the fourth quarter of 2023 was RMB5,367.7 million (US$756.0 million), representing a decrease of 7.2% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 17.8% from the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was RMB4,801.7 million (US$676.3 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023, representing a decrease of 5.2% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 21.5% from the third quarter of 2023.

  • Net loss for the full year of 2023 was RMB20,719.8 million (US$2,918.3 million), compared with net loss of RMB14,437.1 million in 2022. Excluding share-based compensation expenses, adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) was RMB18,350.7 million (US$2,584.6 million) in 2023.

  • Net loss attributable to NIO’s ordinary shareholders in the fourth quarter of 2023 was RMB 5,592.8 million (US$787.7 million), representing a decrease of 4.3% from the fourth quarter of 2022 and an increase of 20.8% from the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses and accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value, adjusted net loss attributable to NIO’s ordinary shareholders (non-GAAP) was RMB 4,948.0 million (US$696.9 million) in the fourth quarter of 2023.

  • Net loss attributable to NIO’s ordinary shareholders for the full year of 2023 was RMB 21,147.0 million (US$2,978.5 million). The net loss attributable to NIO’s ordinary shareholders was RMB14,559.4 million in 2022. Excluding share-based compensation expenses and accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value, adjusted net loss attributable to NIO’s ordinary shareholders (non-GAAP) was RMB18,474.8 million (US$2,602.1 million) in 2023.

  • Basic and diluted net loss per ordinary share/ADS in the fourth quarter of 2023 were both RMB3.18 (US$0.45), compared with RMB3.55 in the fourth quarter of 2022 and RMB2.67 in the third quarter of 2023. Excluding share-based compensation expenses and accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value, adjusted basic and diluted net loss per share/ADS (non-GAAP) were both RMB2.81 (US$0.39), compared with RMB3.07 in the fourth quarter of 2022 and RMB2.28 in the third quarter of 2023.

  • Basic and diluted net loss per ADS for the full year of 2023 were both RMB12.44 (US$1.75). Excluding share-based compensation expenses and accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value, adjusted basic and diluted net loss per ADS (non-GAAP) were both RMB10.87 (US$1.52) in 2023.

Balance Sheet

  • Balance of cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, short-term investment and long-term time deposits was RMB57.3 billion (US$8.1 billion) as of December 31, 2023.

Business Outlook
For the first quarter of 2024, the Company expects:

  • Deliveries of vehicles to be between 31,000 and 33,000 vehicles, representing a decrease of approximately 0.1% to an increase of approximately 6.3% from the same quarter of 2023.
  • Total revenues to be between RMB10,499 million (US$1,479 million) and RMB11,087 million (US$1,562 million), representing a decrease of approximately 1.7% to an increase of approximately 3.8% from the same quarter of 2023.

This business outlook reflects the Company’s current and preliminary view on the business situation and market condition, which is subject to change.

Conference Call 
The Company’s management will host an earnings conference call at 7:00 AM U.S. Eastern Time on March 5, 2024 (8:00 PM Beijing/Hong Kong/Singapore Time on March 5, 2024).

A live and archived webcast of the conference call will be available on the Company’s investor relations website at https://ir.nio.com/news-events/events.

For participants who wish to join the conference using dial-in numbers, please register in advance using the link provided below and dial in 10 minutes prior to the call. Dial-in numbers, passcode and unique access PIN would be provided upon registering.

https://s1.c-conf.com/diamondpass/10037213-hg876t.html

A replay of the conference call will be accessible by phone at the following numbers, until March 12, 2024:

United States:+1-855-883-1031
Hong Kong, China:+852-800-930-639
Mainland, China:+86-400-1209-216
Singapore:+65-800-1013-223
International:+61-7-3107-6325
Replay PIN:10037213
  

About NIO Inc.

NIO Inc. is a pioneer and a leading company in the premium smart electric vehicle market. Founded in November 2014, NIO’s mission is to shape a joyful lifestyle. NIO aims to build a community starting with smart electric vehicles to share joy and grow together with users. NIO designs, develops, jointly manufactures and sells premium smart electric vehicles, driving innovations in next-generation technologies in assisted and intelligent driving, digital technologies, electric powertrains and batteries. NIO differentiates itself through its continuous technological breakthroughs and innovations, such as the industry-leading battery swapping technologies, Battery as a Service, or BaaS, as well as proprietary NIO Assisted and Intelligent Driving and its subscription services.

Safe Harbor Statement

This press release contains statements that may constitute “forward-looking” statements pursuant to the “safe harbor” provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “will,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “aims,” “future,” “intends,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “likely to” and similar statements. NIO may also make written or oral forward-looking statements in its periodic reports to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), in its annual report to shareholders, in announcements, circulars or other publications made on the websites of each of The Stock Exchange of Hong Kong Limited (the “SEHK”) and the Singapore Exchange Securities Trading Limited (the “SGX-ST”), in press releases and other written materials and in oral statements made by its officers, directors or employees to third parties. Statements that are not historical facts, including statements about NIO’s beliefs, plans and expectations, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. A number of factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement, including but not limited to the following: NIO’s strategies; NIO’s future business development, financial condition and results of operations; NIO’s ability to develop and manufacture a car of sufficient quality and appeal to customers on schedule and on a large scale; its ability to ensure and expand manufacturing capacities including establishing and maintaining partnerships with third parties; its ability to provide convenient and comprehensive power solutions to its customers; the viability, growth potential and prospects of the newly introduced BaaS and ADaaS; its ability to improve the technologies or develop alternative technologies in meeting evolving market demand and industry development; NIO’s ability to satisfy the mandated safety standards relating to motor vehicles; its ability to secure supply of raw materials or other components used in its vehicles; its ability to secure sufficient reservations and sales of its vehicles; its ability to control costs associated with its operations; its ability to build the NIO brand; general economic and business conditions globally and in China and assumptions underlying or related to any of the foregoing. Further information regarding these and other risks is included in NIO’s filings with the SEC and the announcements and filings on the websites of each of the SEHK and SGX-ST. All information provided in this press release is as of the date of this press release, and NIO does not undertake any obligation to update any forward-looking statement, except as required under applicable law.

Non-GAAP Disclosure
The Company uses non-GAAP measures, such as adjusted cost of sales (non-GAAP), adjusted research and development expenses (non-GAAP), adjusted selling, general and administrative expenses (non-GAAP), adjusted loss from operations (non-GAAP), adjusted net loss (non-GAAP), adjusted net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders (non-GAAP) and adjusted basic and diluted net loss per share/ADS (non-GAAP), in evaluating its operating results and for financial and operational decision-making purposes. The Company defines adjusted cost of sales (non-GAAP), adjusted research and development expenses (non-GAAP), adjusted selling, general and administrative expenses (non-GAAP) and adjusted loss from operations (non-GAAP) and adjusted net loss (non-GAAP) as cost of sales, research and development expenses, selling, general and administrative expenses, loss from operations and net loss excluding share-based compensation expenses. The Company defines adjusted net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders (non-GAAP), adjusted basic and diluted net loss per share/ADS (non-GAAP) as net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders and basic and diluted net loss per share/ADS excluding share-based compensation expenses and accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value. By excluding the impact of share-based compensation expenses and accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value, the Company believes that the non-GAAP financial measures help identify underlying trends in its business and enhance the overall understanding of the Company’s past performance and future prospects. The Company also believes that the non-GAAP financial measures allow for greater visibility with respect to key metrics used by the Company’s management in its financial and operational decision-making.

The non-GAAP financial measures are not presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP and may be different from non-GAAP methods of accounting and reporting used by other companies. The non-GAAP financial measures have limitations as analytical tools and when assessing the Company’s operating performance, investors should not consider them in isolation, or as a substitute for net loss or other consolidated statements of comprehensive loss data prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. The Company encourages investors and others to review its financial information in its entirety and not rely on a single financial measure.

The Company mitigates these limitations by reconciling the non-GAAP financial measures to the most comparable U.S. GAAP performance measures, all of which should be considered when evaluating the Company’s performance.

For more information on the non-GAAP financial measures, please see the table captioned “Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results” set forth at the end of this press release.

Exchange Rate
This announcement contains translations of certain Renminbi amounts into U.S. dollars at specified rates solely for the convenience of the reader. Unless otherwise stated, all translations from Renminbi to U.S. dollars were made at the rate of RMB7.0999 to US$1.00, the noon buying rate in effect on December 29, 2023 in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board. The Company makes no representation that the Renminbi or U.S. dollars amounts referred could be converted into U.S. dollars or Renminbi, as the case may be, at any particular rate or at all.

For more information, please visit: http://ir.nio.com.

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NIO INC.
Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets

(All amounts in thousands)
 
 As of
 December 31, 2022 December 31, 2023 December 31, 2023
 RMB RMB US$
ASSETS     
Current assets:           
Cash and cash equivalents 19,887,575   32,935,111   4,638,813 
Restricted cash 3,154,240   5,542,271   780,613 
Short-term investments 19,171,017   16,810,107   2,367,654 
Trade and notes receivables 5,118,170   4,657,652   656,017 
Amounts due from related parties 1,380,956   1,722,603   242,624 
Inventory 8,191,386   5,277,726   743,352 
Prepayments and other current assets 2,246,408   3,434,763   483,776 
Total current assets 59,149,752   70,380,233   9,912,849 
Non-current assets:           
Long-term restricted cash 113,478   144,125   20,300 
Property, plant and equipment, net. 15,658,666   24,847,004   3,499,627 
Intangible assets, net    29,648   4,176 
Land use rights, net 212,603   207,299   29,197 
Long-term investments 6,356,411   5,487,216   772,858 
Right-of-use assets - operating lease 7,374,456   11,404,116   1,606,236 
Other non-current assets 7,398,559   4,883,561   687,835 
Total non-current assets 37,114,173   47,002,969   6,620,229 
Total assets 96,263,925   117,383,202   16,533,078 
LIABILITIES           
Current liabilities:           
Short-term borrowings 4,039,210   5,085,411   716,265 
Trade and notes payable 25,223,687   29,766,134   4,192,472 
Amounts due to related parties 384,611   561,625   79,103 
Taxes payable 286,300   349,349   49,205 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities 1,025,968   1,743,156   245,518 
Current portion of long-term borrowings 1,237,916   4,736,087   667,064 
Accruals and other liabilities 13,654,362   15,556,354   2,191,067 
Total current liabilities 45,852,054   57,798,116   8,140,694 
Non-current liabilities:           
Long-term borrowings 10,885,799   13,042,861   1,837,049 
Non-current operating lease liabilities 6,517,096   10,070,057   1,418,338 
Deferred tax liabilities 218,189   212,347   29,908 
Other non-current liabilities 5,144,027   6,663,805   938,578 
Total non-current liabilities 22,765,111   29,989,070   4,223,873 
Total liabilities 68,617,165   87,787,186   12,364,567 
 

 

NIO INC.
Unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets

(All amounts in thousands)
 
 As of
 December 31, 2022 December 31, 2023 December 31, 2023
 RMB RMB US$
MEZZANINE EQUITY           
Redeemable non-controlling interests 3,557,221   3,860,384   543,724 
Total mezzanine equity         3,557,221   3,860,384   543,724 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY           
Total NIO Inc. shareholders’ equity         23,868,165   25,546,233   3,598,111 
Non-controlling interests         221,374   189,399   26,676 
Total shareholders’ equity         24,089,539   25,735,632   3,624,787 
Total liabilities, mezzanine equity and shareholders’ equity         96,263,925   117,383,202   16,533,078 
            

 

NIO INC.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share/ADS data)
 
 Three Months Ended 
 December 31, 2022 September 30, 2023 December 31, 2023 December 31, 2023
 RMB RMB RMB US$
Revenues:       
Vehicle sales         14,759,016   17,408,864   15,438,709   2,174,497 
Other sales         1,304,498   1,657,687   1,664,467   234,435 
Total revenues         16,063,514   19,066,551   17,103,176   2,408,932 
Cost of sales:               
Vehicle sales         (13,749,365)  (15,491,494)  (13,600,327)  (1,915,566)
Other sales         (1,692,391)  (2,051,734)  (2,223,621)  (313,190)
Total cost of sales         (15,441,756)  (17,543,228)  (15,823,948)  (2,228,756)
Gross profit         621,758   1,523,323   1,279,228   180,176 
Operating expenses:               
Research and development         (3,980,578)  (3,039,089)  (3,972,127)  (559,462)
Selling, general and administrative         (3,527,371)  (3,609,319)  (3,972,706)  (559,544)
Other operating income         150,057   281,174   40,295   5,675 
Total operating expenses         (7,357,892)  (6,367,234)  (7,904,538)  (1,113,331)
Loss from operations         (6,736,134)  (4,843,911)  (6,625,310)  (933,155)
Interest and investment income         351,960   288,014   1,368,062   192,688 
Interest expenses         (70,669)  (88,546)  (163,881)  (23,082)
Gain on extinguishment of debt         118,400   170,193       
Share of income of equity investees         251,439   7,781   32,373   4,560 
Other income/(losses), net         315,699   (88,645)  253,891   35,760 
Loss before income tax expense         (5,769,305)  (4,555,114)  (5,134,865)  (723,229)
Income tax expense         (16,796)  (1,610)  (232,880)  (32,800)
Net loss         (5,786,101)  (4,556,724)  (5,367,745)  (756,029)
Accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value         (72,581)  (77,159)  (78,767)  (11,094)
Net loss/(profit) attributable to non-controlling interests         11,603   5,254   (146,261)  (20,600)
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc.         (5,847,079)  (4,628,629)  (5,592,773)  (787,723)
                
Net loss         (5,786,101)  (4,556,724)  (5,367,745)  (756,029)
Other comprehensive loss               
Change in unrealized losses related to available-for-sale debt securities, net of tax         (24,495)     (770,560)  (108,531)
Change in unrealized gains on cash flow hedges         817          
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of nil tax         (134,783)  (61,222)  (200,131)  (28,188)
Total other comprehensive loss         (158,461)  (61,222)  (970,691)  (136,719)
Total comprehensive loss         (5,944,562)  (4,617,946)  (6,338,436)  (892,748)
                
Accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value         (72,581)  (77,159)  (78,767)  (11,094)
Net loss/(profit) attributable to non-controlling interests         11,603   5,254   (146,261)  (20,600)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to non-controlling interests         5,229      156,026   21,976 
Comprehensive loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc.         (6,000,311)  (4,689,851)  (6,407,438)  (902,466)
        
Weighted average number of ordinary shares/ADS used in computing net loss per share/ADS       
Basic and diluted         1,647,356,108   1,735,661,387   1,761,324,976   1,761,324,976 
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders               
Basic and diluted         (3.55)  (2.67)  (3.18)  (0.45)
                

 

NIO INC.
Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)
 
 For the Year Ended December 31, 
 2022 2023 2023
 RMB RMB US$
Revenues:     
Vehicle sales         45,506,581   49,257,270   6,937,741 
Other sales         3,761,980   6,360,663   895,881 
Total revenues         49,268,561   55,617,933   7,833,622 
Cost of sales:           
Vehicle sales         (39,271,801)  (44,587,572)  (6,280,028)
Other sales         (4,852,767)  (7,978,565)  (1,123,757)
Total cost of sales         (44,124,568)  (52,566,137)  (7,403,785)
Gross profit         5,143,993   3,051,796   429,837 
Operating expenses:           
Research and development         (10,836,261)  (13,431,399)  (1,891,773)
Selling, general and administrative         (10,537,119)  (12,884,556)  (1,814,752)
Other operating income          588,728   608,975   85,772 
Total operating expenses         (20,784,652)  (25,706,980)  (3,620,753)
Loss from operations         (15,640,659)  (22,655,184)  (3,190,916)
Interest and investment income         1,358,719   2,210,018   311,275 
Interest expenses         (333,216)  (403,530)  (56,836)
Gain on extinguishment of debt         138,332   170,193   23,971 
Share of income of equity investees         377,775   64,394   9,070 
Other (losses)/income, net         (282,952)  155,191   21,858 
Loss before income tax expense         (14,382,001)  (20,458,918)  (2,881,578)
Income tax expense         (55,103)  (260,835)  (36,738)
Net loss         (14,437,104)  (20,719,753)  (2,918,316)
Accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value         (279,355)  (303,163)  (42,700)
Net loss/(profit) attributable to non-controlling interests 157,014   (124,051)  (17,472)
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc.         (14,559,445)  (21,146,967)  (2,978,488)
            
Net loss         (14,437,104)  (20,719,753)  (2,918,316)
Other comprehensive income           
Change in unrealized gains/(losses) related to available-for-sale debt securities, net of tax         746,336   (770,560)  (108,531)
Foreign currency translation adjustment, net of nil tax         717,274   11,514   1,622 
Total other comprehensive income/(loss)         1,463,610   (759,046)  (106,909)
Total comprehensive loss         (12,973,494)  (21,478,799)  (3,025,225)
            
Accretion on redeemable non-controlling interests to redemption value         (279,355)  (303,163)  (42,700)
Net loss/(profit) attributable to non-controlling interests         157,014   (124,051)  (17,472)
Other comprehensive (income)/loss attributable to non-controlling interests (151,299)  156,026   21,976 
Comprehensive loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc.         (13,247,134)  (21,749,987)  (3,063,421)
      
Weighted average number of ordinary shares/ADS used in computing net loss per share     
Basic and diluted         1,636,999,280   1,700,203,886   1,700,203,886 
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders           
Basic and diluted         (8.89)  (12.44)  (1.75)
            

 

NIO INC.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share/ADS data)
 
 Three Months Ended December 31, 2023
  GAAP
Result
   Share-based
compensation
   Accretion on redeemable
non-controlling interests
to redemption value
   Adjusted
Result
(Non-GAAP)
 
  RMB   RMB   RMB   RMB 
Cost of sales (15,823,948)  19,120      (15,804,828)
Research and development expenses (3,972,127)  355,694      (3,616,433)
Selling, general and administrative expenses (3,972,706)  191,235      (3,781,471)
Total (23,768,781)  566,049      (23,202,732)
Loss from operations (6,625,310)  566,049      (6,059,261)
Net loss (5,367,745)  566,049      (4,801,696)
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc. (5,592,773)  566,049   78,767   (4,947,957)
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted (RMB) (3.18)  0.33   0.04   (2.81)
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted (USD) (0.45)  0.05   0.01   (0.39)

 

 Three Months Ended September 30, 2023
  GAAP
Result
   Share-based
compensation
   Accretion on redeemable
non-controlling interests
to redemption value
   Adjusted
Result
(Non-GAAP)
 
  RMB   RMB   RMB   RMB 
Cost of sales (17,543,228)  22,197      (17,521,031)
Research and development expenses (3,039,089)  395,856      (2,643,233)
Selling, general and administrative expenses (3,609,319)  185,496      (3,423,823)
Total (24,191,636)  603,549      (23,588,087)
Loss from operations (4,843,911)  603,549      (4,240,362)
Net loss (4,556,724)  603,549      (3,953,175)
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc. (4,628,629)  603,549   77,159   (3,947,921)
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted (RMB) (2.67)  0.35   0.04   (2.28)

 

 Three Months Ended December 31, 2022 
  GAAP
Result
   Share-based
compensation
   Accretion on redeemable
non-controlling interests
to redemption value
   Adjusted
Result
(Non-GAAP)
 
  RMB   RMB   RMB   RMB 
Cost of sales         (15,441,756)  23,522      (15,418,234)
Research and development expenses         (3,980,578)  426,701      (3,553,877)
Selling, general and administrative expenses         (3,527,371)  270,257      (3,257,114)
Total         (22,949,705)  720,480      (22,229,225)
Loss from operations         (6,736,134)  720,480      (6,015,654)
Net loss         (5,786,101)  720,480      (5,065,621)
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc.         (5,847,079)  720,480   72,581   (5,054,018)
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted (RMB)         (3.55)  0.44   0.04   (3.07)
                

 

NIO INC.
Unaudited Reconciliation of GAAP and Non-GAAP Results

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)
 Year Ended December 31, 2023
  GAAP
Result
   Share-based
compensation
   Accretion on redeemable
non-controlling interests
to redemption value
   Adjusted
Result
(Non-GAAP)
 
  RMB   RMB   RMB   RMB 
Cost of sales (52,566,137)  83,972      (52,482,165)
Research and development expenses (13,431,399)  1,517,206      (11,914,193)
Selling, general and administrative expenses (12,884,556)  767,863      (12,116,693)
Total (78,882,092)  2,369,041      (76,513,051)
Loss from operations (22,655,184)  2,369,041      (20,286,143)
Net loss (20,719,753)  2,369,041      (18,350,712)
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc. (21,146,967)  2,369,041   303,163   (18,474,763)
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted (RMB) (12.44)  1.39   0.18   (10.87)
Net loss per ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted (USD) (1.75)  0.20   0.03   (1.52)

 

(All amounts in thousands, except for share and per share data)
 
 Year Ended December 31, 2022
  GAAP
Result
   Share-based
compensation
   Accretion on redeemable
non-controlling interests
to redemption value
   Adjusted
Result
(Non-GAAP)
 
  RMB   RMB   RMB   RMB 
Cost of sales (44,124,568)  66,914      (44,057,654)
Research and development expenses (10,836,261)  1,323,370      (9,512,891)
Selling, general and administrative expenses (10,537,119)  905,612      (9,631,507)
Total (65,497,948)  2,295,896      (63,202,052)
Loss from operations (15,640,659)  2,295,896      (13,344,763)
Net loss (14,437,104)  2,295,896      (12,141,208)
Net loss attributable to ordinary shareholders of NIO Inc. (14,559,445)  2,295,896   279,355   (11,984,194)
Net loss per share/ADS attributable to ordinary shareholders, basic and diluted (RMB) (8.89)  1.40   0.17   (7.32)

 


i All translations from RMB to USD for the fourth quarter and full year of 2023 were made at the rate of RMB7.0999 to US$1.00, the noon buying rate in effect on December 29, 2023 in the H.10 statistical release of the Federal Reserve Board.
ii Vehicle margin is the margin of new vehicle sales, which is calculated based on revenues and cost of sales derived from new vehicle sales only.
iii Except for gross margin and vehicle margin, where absolute changes instead of percentage changes are calculated. 


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