Surf Air Mobility

Fisker Announces Preliminary Q4 and Full Year 2023 Results*

29 February 2024

Fisker’s new Dealer Partner model is gaining momentum and is expected to help improve brand awareness and sales throughout 2024.

  • Fisker is in negotiations with a large automaker for a potential transaction which could include an investment in Fisker, joint development of one or more electric vehicle platforms, and North America manufacturing. The closing of any transaction would be subject to satisfaction of important conditions, including completion of due diligence and negotiation and execution of appropriate definitive agreements.
  • Fisker reports preliminary Q4 2023 total revenue of $200.1 million, an increase of $128.3 million from Q3 2023. Both full year 2023 total revenue, which was $272.9 million, and the fourth quarter total revenue exclude $44.6 million of deferred revenue that will be recognized in future periods.
  • Fisker’s Q4 2023 gross margin was -35%. Fisker’s Q4 2023 earnings per share was a loss of $1.23, reflecting a combination of operating losses and a non-cash fair value adjustment related to its 2025 notes. For the full year 2023, Fisker’s earnings per share was a loss of $2.22.
  • Fisker Ocean production was 4,789 units in Q4 2023, and vehicles delivered to customers totaled 3,818. For full year 2023, 10,193 Fisker Oceans were produced, and 4,929 vehicles were delivered.
  • Fisker’s Dealer Partner model, announced in January 2024, has received over 250 expressions of interest from dealers in North America and Europe. 13 dealers have signed dealer agreements.
  • Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash totaled $395.9 million as of December 31, 2023. The carrying value of completed vehicles in Fisker’s inventory and raw materials was approximately $530 million as of December 31, 2023.

LOS ANGELES / Feb 29, 2024 / Business Wire / Fisker Inc. (NYSE: FSR) (“Fisker”), driven by a mission to create the world’s most emotional and sustainable electric vehicles, today announced its preliminary financial results for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ended December 31, 2023.

“2023 was a challenging year for Fisker, including delays with suppliers and other issues that prevented us from delivering the Ocean SUV as quickly as we had expected,” Chairman and CEO Henrik Fisker said. “We also encountered unexpected headwinds in our efforts to establish a direct-to-consumer sales model in both North America and Europe at the same time. There were a number of unanticipated challenges, including rising interest rates, finding enough skilled labor, and identifying appropriate real estate locations to make the DTC model function effectively. As a result, we pivoted to a new Dealer Partner model at the end of 2023 and announced this strategic shift in early January 2024. The transition has been going well as we have signed up numerous Dealer Partners in the US and Europe. While we transition to the Dealer Partner model, our sales execution has been negatively impacted. However, we believe we are beginning to see the benefits of the Dealer Partner model as dealers have the potential to order more cars than we would have been able to sell to customers. We still must prove that this model works, as it goes against the approach taken by other independent EV start-ups.

“Since announcing the Dealer Partner model, we have received more than 250 indications of interest from dealers worldwide. I believe this approach is a win for everyone: the customer is expected to benefit from superior service; dealers gain access to an American EV-only brand with a $39,000-$62,000 MSRP and enjoy the advantage of large, protected territories; and Fisker gains the ability to expand its footprint more efficiently,” Fisker continued. “We believe the Ocean platform is competitively priced and has many leading features, including the longest range of any SUV EV in its class. This is exciting for the dealers we have signed and those with whom we are currently in discussions. Although we have good reason to be optimistic about this process and have seen tremendous enthusiasm from dealers about the expansion of the EV market, we are aware that the industry has entered a turbulent, and unpredictable period. With that understanding and taking the lessons learned from 2023, we have put a plan in place to streamline the company as we prepare for another difficult year. We have adjusted our outlook for 2024 to be much more conservative than in 2023. In 2024, we expect to deliver approximately 20,000 – 22,000 Oceans worldwide and to see sales momentum build throughout the year as our dealer partner footprint grows. An advantage of our asset-light, contract-manufacturing model, is that we can decide to scale up production relatively quickly if the EV market is more robust in 2024 than we anticipate. This year, our focus will be on building brand awareness, carving out market share with the Fisker Ocean, streamlining our operations, closing a strategic OEM partnership, and building long-term value for our shareholders,” Fisker stated.

“On the strategic front, Fisker is in negotiations with a large automaker for a potential transaction which could include an investment in Fisker, joint development of one or more electric vehicle platforms, and North America manufacturing. The closing of any transaction would be subject to satisfaction of important conditions, including completion of due diligence and negotiation and execution of appropriate definitive agreements,” Mr. Fisker said.

Substantial Doubt About Fisker’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern

Fisker expects its capital expenditures and working capital requirements to decrease during 2024 and beyond as it enters the second year of Ocean production. The company’s business plan is highly dependent on the successful transition to its new Dealer Partner model in 2024. Furthermore, to the extent Fisker’s current resources are insufficient to satisfy its requirements over the next 12 months, the company will need to seek additional equity or debt financing, and there can be no assurance that Fisker will be successful in these efforts. If the financing is not available, or if the terms of financing are less desirable than Fisker expects, the company may be forced to decrease its planned level of investment in product development, scale back its operations including further headcount reductions, and reduce production of the Fisker Ocean, which could have an adverse impact on the company’s business and financial prospects. As a result, the company expects to conclude there is substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern when its annual financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2023, are filed with the SEC.

To address potential liquidity issues, Fisker is already taking action. The company is currently in discussions with an existing noteholder about potentially making an additional investment in the company. The use of proceeds, if a transaction is consummated, is expected to be for general corporate purposes, vehicle production and the ongoing transition to a dealer-focused sales model. In addition, Fisker intends to reduce its workforce by approximately 15%. Headcount reductions are predominantly related to the change in sales strategy from direct-to-consumer to a Dealer Partner model. In addition, the company is streamlining operations, including reducing its physical footprint and overall expenses.

Form 10-K Status

Fisker is unable to file its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2023 (the “2023 Form 10-K”) within the time period prescribed for such report because the company needs additional time to finalize its consolidated financial statements, finalize the assessment of its internal control over financial reporting and related disclosures, and complete its procedures for the 2023 Form 10-K. In addition to the material weaknesses disclosed in the company’s Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023, the company has identified a material weakness in revenue and the related balance sheet accounts, which will be disclosed in the company’s 2023 Form 10-K. The company will continue to evaluate its internal control over financial reporting and may identify additional material weaknesses as it completes its procedures on the 2023 Form 10-K. The company expects to file the 2023 Form 10-K by March 15, 2024.

Preliminary Fourth Quarter 2023 Financial Highlights

Fisker’s total revenue was $200.1 million, an increase of $128.3 million compared to revenue of $71.8 million in Q3 2023, as vehicle deliveries increased by 2,721 units sequentially to 3,818. Reported revenue for Q4 2023 excludes $44.6 million of deferred revenue the company expects to recognize in the future when additional services related to option packages are provided as well as when certain vehicle features and functions are updated through the delivery of new over-the-air (OTA) updates. Reported gross margin was -35%. Fisker’s loss from operations totaled $103.5 million. SG&A rose sequentially reflecting higher professional fees as well as an increase in headcount. Research and development expenses during the quarter reflect a reversal of some previously accrued expenses due to a settlement with a supplier.

Fisker’s net loss for the quarter was $463.6 million or a loss of $1.23 per share. A substantial portion of the company’s net loss in the quarter reflects a non-cash fair value adjustment associated with its 2025 senior convertible notes of $328.5 million. This adjustment resulted primarily from a conversion feature, which became available to the holder of the notes upon an event of default on November 13, 2023, related to the late filing of the company’s Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2023. The 2025 senior convertible notes have been amended such that the conversion feature will cease to be available to the noteholder when the company files its 2023 Form 10-K with the SEC. As of February 29, 2024, approximately $237 million of the 2025 notes outstanding have been converted to equity, from the initial aggregate principal amount of $510 million, which has reduced the principal amount of 2025 notes outstanding to $273 million. Cash and cash equivalents and restricted cash was $395.9 million as of December 31, 2023.

2024 Business Outlook

Fisker is targeting combined sales directly to consumers and dealers of approximately 20,000 – 22,000 vehicles in 2024. Average selling prices (ASPs) for 2024 are expected to be in the range of $56,000 - $62,000 after costs related to import duties and dealer commissions. The carrying value of completed vehicles in Fisker’s inventory and pre-paid raw materials at year-end was approximately $530 million. During the first half of 2024, the company expects to generate cash from the sale of existing 2023 production vehicles that are largely paid for, supporting monetization of its balance sheet. In addition, Fisker expects a higher than usual cash contribution from Oceans produced and subsequently sold in 1H 2024 as the company consumes raw materials that are on its balance sheet.

The following information reflects Fisker’s expectations for key non-GAAP operating expenses and capital expenditures for full-year 2024. Fisker is projecting the total of these items to be within a range of $320 million to $390 million1.

Key Expense Item   

USD, millions

Research & Development (Non-GAAP)1 

$ 60 - 80

Selling, General, and Administrative (Non-GAAP)1

$ 200 - 230

Capital Expenditures   

$ 60 - 80


$ 320 - 390


1Excludes stock-based compensation expense. A reconciliation to the corresponding GAAP amount is not provided as the quantification of stock-based compensation excluded from the non-GAAP measure, which may be significant, cannot be reasonably calculated or predicted without unreasonable efforts. The Non-GAAP adjustment for stock-based compensation expense requires additional inputs such as number of shares granted and market price volatilities that are not currently ascertainable and cannot be reasonably estimated.

Reflecting the recent conversions of a portion of 2025 senior convertible notes to equity and stock-based compensation, 456,780,116 shares of the company’s Class A common stock are outstanding as of February 26, 2024. In addition, there are 132,354,128 shares of Class B common stock outstanding for a combined total shares outstanding of 589,134,244.

Conference Call Information

Fisker Inc. will host a conference call to discuss the results at 2:00 p.m. Pacific Time (5:00 p.m. Eastern Time) today, February 29, 2024. The live audio webcast will be accessible on Fisker’s Investor Relations website at A recording of the webcast will also be available following the conference call.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures (Unaudited)

This press release and the accompanying tables references certain non-generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP) financial measures, non-GAAP selling, general, and administrative expense, and non-GAAP research and development expense. These non-GAAP financial measures differ from their directly comparable GAAP financial measures due to adjustments made to exclude inventory valuation adjustments or stock-based compensation expense. These non-GAAP financial measures are not substitutes for or superior to measures of financial performance prepared in accordance with GAAP and should not be considered alternatives to any other performance measures derived in accordance with GAAP.

Fisker believes that presenting these non-GAAP financial measures provides useful supplemental information to investors about Fisker in understanding and evaluating its operating results, enhancing the overall understanding of its past performance and future prospects, and allowing for greater transparency with respect to key financial metrics used by its management in financial and operational decision making. However, there are a number of limitations related to the use of non-GAAP measures and their nearest GAAP equivalents. For example, other companies may calculate non-GAAP measures differently, or may use other measures to calculate their financial performance, and therefore any non-GAAP measures Fisker uses may not be directly comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Therefore, both GAAP financial measures of Fisker’s financial performance and the respective non-GAAP measures should be considered together. Please see the reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measure in the tables below.

Disclosure Information

Fisker uses the investor relations section on its website as a means of complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD. It also uses various social media channels as a means of disclosing information about Fisker and its products to its customers, investors and the public (e.g., @fiskerinc on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, TikTok and LinkedIn). Accordingly, investors should monitor Fisker’s investor relations website and these social media channels in addition to following Fisker’s press releases, SEC filings, and public conference calls and webcasts.

About Fisker Inc.

California-based Fisker Inc. is revolutionizing the automotive industry by developing the most emotionally desirable and eco-friendly electric vehicles on Earth. Passionately driven by a vision of a clean future for all, the company is on a mission to become the No. 1 e-mobility service provider with the world’s most sustainable vehicles. To learn more, visit – and enjoy exclusive content across Fisker’s social media channels: Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, and LinkedIn.

Download the revolutionary new Fisker mobile app from the App Store or Google Play store.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release includes forward-looking statements, which are subject to the "safe harbor" provisions of the US Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements may be identified by words such as "feel," "believes," “expects," "estimates," "projects," "intends," "should," "is to be," or the negative of such terms, or other comparable terminology and include, among other things, the quote from our chief executive officer, statements regarding any potential future automotive original equipment manufacturer (or equipment or part manufacturer) transactions and other future events that involve risks and uncertainties. Such forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance or future events and are subject to risks and uncertainties, which could cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking statements contained herein due to many factors, including, but not limited to: Fisker's limited operating history; Fisker’s ability to continue as a going concern; Fisker's ability to enter into additional manufacturing and other contracts with Magna, OEMs, or tier-one suppliers in order to execute on its business plan; Fisker’s ability to satisfy conditions to completion of the potential transaction with a large automaker that it is currently negotiating; the risk that OEM and supply partners do not meet agreed-upon timelines or experience capacity constraints; Fisker may experience significant delays in the design, manufacture, regulatory approval, launch and financing of its vehicles; Fisker's ability to execute its business model, including market acceptance of its planned products and services; Fisker's inability to retain key personnel and to hire additional personnel; competition in the electric vehicle market; Fisker's inability to develop a sales distribution or dealership network; and the ability to protect its intellectual property rights; and those factors discussed in Fisker's Annual Report on Form 10-K, under the heading "Risk Factors", filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "SEC"), as supplemented by Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, and other reports and documents Fisker files from time to time with the SEC. Any forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made, and Fisker undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this press release.

Fisker Inc. and Subsidiaries

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

  Twelve Months Ended Dec 31, 
















Costs of goods sold 








Gross margin 








Operating costs and expenses:     
Selling, general and administrative 








Research and development 








Total operating costs and expenses 








Loss from operations 








Other income (expense):     
Other expense, net 








Interest income 








Interest expense 








Unrealized (loss) gain recognized on equity securities 








Change in fair value measurements 








Foreign currency (loss) gain 








Total other expense 








Net loss before income taxes 








Provision for income taxes 








Net loss 








Basic and Diluted net loss per share 








Basic and Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding 









Fisker Inc. and Subsidiaries

Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

   As of:
   December 31, 2023 December 31, 2022
 Current assets:    
 Cash and cash equivalents 






 Restricted cash  










 Accounts receivable 






 Prepaid expenses and other current assets 






 Equity investment 






 Total current assets 






 Non-current assets:    
 Property and equipment, net 






 Intangible assets 






 Right of use asset, net 






 Other non-current assets 






 Total non-current assets 






 Total assets 






 Current liabilities:    
 Accounts payable 






 Accrued expenses 






 Customer deposits 






 Deferred revenue 






 Lease liabilities 






 Total current liabilities 






 Non-current liabilities:    
 Non-current lease liabilities 






 Other non-current liabilities 






 Convertible senior notes 






 Deferred revenue, non-current 






 Total non-current liabilities 






 Total liabilities 






 Stockholder's equity 






 Total liabilities and equity 






*The financial results discussed herein are presented on a preliminary basis; final data will be included in Fisker’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the period ended December 31, 2023



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